Promotes the colonial as an example of something contemporary architects have overlooked -- the ability to work in a definite and well-understood style (although "[T]he style was feeble, lifeless, monotonous, and, in the hands of a man of original genius, would have been a poor tool; but, to the men who had to use it, it was salvation").
Brief synopsis on a photographic exhibition of 18th- and early 19th- century "Colonial style" buildings organized by the Georgian Group and the Victoria and Albert Museum in the 1940s. Summarizes the architecture of the early colonies, noting Jefferson, McIntyre, Gibbs, Chambers, and Wren's influence.
Dedicated to imparting "a better understanding of American decoration," this issue features thirteen views of restored interiors in major examples from each of the original colonies, including Morven (New Jersey), Edenton (North Carolina) and Carter's Grove (Virginia), with brief historical descriptions.
Case study of the preservation of an important colonial house during the height of the Colonial Revival movement.
Refinement of 1975 edition with additional illustrations and photographs, reviewing regional distinctions in style. Informative captioning includes alterations as well as architect and construction date, and features projects by George Washington Smith, Goodhue, Craig, Underhill, Benton and others.
A polemic that contrasts "the typical American Country House" of the early 20th century as a stately, "continental" or "northern European" improvement over the "informal", "Latin" or "English", and "picturesque, romantic sort" designed during the late 1800s. Features sixteen house exteriors, mainly in Massachusetts and Pennsylvania.
Argues that the colonial revival is an architectural style that freely translates originals rather than copies historical buildings--an important point during the era of high modernism.
Bibliography of selected books and articles on colonial decorative arts and architecture published before 1928.
Documents the houses and lives of Dutch settlers before the Revolution.
Guidebook to 243 buildings in 43 states, where preservation or restoration was in some way effected by the State and National Chapters of the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution.
Odd assortment of 97 heliotropes, including some interiors and interior details, and despite its title, New England meeting houses, university halls, tombstones, and churches not as organized as E. Whitefield's portfolio.
Detailed explanations, plans, and photographs of Baum's 1915 restoration of the 18th-century Skillman and Delafield houses in Riverdale, New York, and the more modest Schwenke House in Bay Shore, Long Island.
Describes the colonial architecture of Virginia, including Williamsburg, Jamestown, Carter's Grove, and Shirley.
Describes the colonial architecture of Williamsburg and Jamestown.
Promotes the originality and taste of New Jersey colonial architecture, lauding the Queen Anne style for its historical tendencies.
Illustrated comparison of more than 30 Colonial residences, domestic interiors, government buildings, and university structures along the eastern seaboard, with particular attention to certain architectural features, such as staircases, archways preceding stairs, stairway soffits, newel posts, mantels, and doorways. Blackall implores contemporary builders to use such elements "sensitively" and "correctly."
Three illustrated essays on Beauport, Henry Davis Sleeper's home in Gloucester, Massachusetts. Positions Beauport as an eclectic Colonial Revival production, not by its historical accuracy, but by Sleeper's zest for historical eclecticism, with descriptions about Sleeper's extensive glassware, furniture, painting, and tapestry collections. Appendices include simultaneous chronologies of Sleeper, Beauport and American decorative arts, labeled floorplans, commissions, and recommendations for additional reading.
Three brief paragraphs alluding to the influence of Langlay, Gibbs and William Pain on colonial motifs before 1815.
Citing building techniques used in England and Scotland (specifically the old Suffolk village of Lavenham), Brown argues that cement and lime would be more durable and aesthetically pleasing choices than wood for construction in America. Jackson's essay supports Brown's claim by demonstrating how lime and cement function successfully in England's harsher climate, and advocates techniques for the practical and decorative applications of cement.
Charts the topographical, social and architectural history of Boston's Back Bay area through four historical/stylistic periods: formation (1844-1857), academic design (1857-1869), individual expression (1869-1885), and formal refinement (1885-1917). The chapters are organized to reflect these categorizations. Concludes with an assessment from the perspective of city planning. Includes meticulous appendices that inventory Back Bay houses, churches, schools and public buildings, organized by street, including date constructed and architect.
Chronicles Meem's career and design aesthetic as an adaptation of colonial forms from the Southwest. Covers Meem's arrival in New Mexico, his architectural philosophy, the history of his architectural career, and a selection of “Outstanding Commissions” by Meem, with an appendix that catalogs the Meem's office files.
Examines Colter's work primarily for the Harvey Company, specializing in hotels, restaurants and Santa Fe Railway terminals. Positions Colter as a Colonial Revival designer drawing on the Southwest's Native American and Hispanic roots, and influenced directly by the Santa Fe's westward expansion and its related touristic development.
Blanco charts the support for Santa Barbara's Spanish Mediterranean aesthetic as a movement by civic leaders that was spurred on, in part, by renovations after the 1925 earthquake. She views this concerted campaign as a precursor to New Urbanism, noting how the community's sense of identity, history and continuity were amplified by the city's historicist approach to building codes and city planning.
Fifty-five short illustrated essays on houses across America (and some in England and Scotland), most of which have a colonial flavor.
Discusses the early twentieth century remodeling of Carter's Grove in the context of the Colonial Revival movement.
A brief review of the Mediterranean Revival work of Addison Mizner in Florida.
Examines Florida resort hotels from the 1880s to the 1920s, from grand Mediterranean Revival buildings to smaller, clapboard-covered Colonial Revival structures.
Brief review of colonial architecture in the Genesee Valley area of New York; concludes that the work is more Southern in character than New England.
Companion volume to an exhibition on Virginia architecture, demonstrating the variety of colonial and Colonial Revival architecture in the Old Dominion. Richard Guy Wilson's "Building on the Foundations: The Historic Present in Virginia Architecture, 1870-1990," specifically addresses the continuing presence of colonial architecture.
Monograph on the career of John Gaw Meem (1894-1984), who specialized in Spanish Colonial and "Territorial Revival" architecture.
Describes a West Coast variation of New England-style colonial revival, in the form of the Gray house (Los Angeles) by architect Harold Bowles. Bowles combines a basic California Bungalow with the shingled roof and weather-board siding of the "Colonial cottage," to create an "extremely dignified Colonial appearance."
Early survey of colonial architecture, covering the domestic, religious and public architecture of the thirteen colonies. Praises the work for being "dignified . . . pure, simple, homelike and peerless," and promotes the revival of such architecture.
Early etchings for a 1939 AIA Convention and International Congress record details for Williamsburg's Governor's Palace, Apothecary Shop, Raleigh Tavern, Public Gaol, House of Burgesses, and Bruton Parish Church that may have changed during the restoration process.
A guidebook containing descriptions and photographs of colonial-era New England houses open to the public.
Fifty photographs of the interiors and exteriors of colonial and early nineteenth century buildings.
A history of colonial houses designed for history buffs and contemporary builders "who wish to avoid in their possible building operations, certain short-comings recognizable in much of the supposedly-in-the-old-vein modern work;" includes chapters on restorations, "What not to Do," Modern Colonial examples, and colonial gardens.
As architects and active amateur historians in Newport, the Masons' enthusiasm for the region's Colonial roots directly affected Newport's 19th-century transformation into a world-class resort town. Mason Sr.'s articles in the Providence Journal and New York Evening Post, and his book, Newport and Its Cottages (1870s), as well as Mason Jr.'s restorations and published analyses considerably influenced the adaptation of Colonial style in contemporary aesthetics and home decoration. This biographical review credits Mason Jr.'s Frederick Sheldon house as one of the first Colonial Revival houses.
Tells the story of six colonial buildings in Newport, Rhode Island (Touro Synagogue, Trinity Church, Colony House, Brick Market, Sabbatarian Meeting House, and Redwood Library) and their preservation and use in the nineteenth century.
Nineteen historians, architects, curators, and legal mediators for preservation recount Gilbert's lasting architectural influence on American civic architecture and urban planning. Robert Stern's Introduction credits Gilbert's commitment to the City Beautiful movement as an exemplar for the improvement of social and cultural life through architecture; others consider equally specific aspects of Gilbert's formation, public rapport, and use of monumentality.
Examines the colonial revival and many other stylistic developments in relation to the social history of the American family.
A brief study of the Charles Jeffrey house by Pond & Pond, an example of the adaptation of colonial styles in the 'West' (Kenosha, WI).
This article argues that colonial buildings should serve as models for American architects, just as British architects have turned to their own past to create a Georgian revival. Also reviews Arthur Little's Early New England Interiors.
Criticizes the "blunders" of contemporary architects, suggesting that they turn to colonial architecture for models of proportion, picturesqueness and comfort.
A follow-up to their New England book, in the same format: photographs of the exteriors and details of 18th- and early 19th-century houses.
Photographs of New England colonial houses designed to provide reference material for architects.
Interesting in its focus on the merits of 17th-century (pre-Georgian) architecture. Promotes the style as particularly adapted to the contemporary shortages of labor and materials.
Presents four houses in "the Dutch style" by Aymar Embury, a revivalist architect who published prolifically in the early twentieth century on colonial architecture and its modern usage.
A collection of photographs of doorways from fifty colonial houses in Salem, Massachusetts.
A brief survey of the time when "haciendas were all the rage" in Arlington, Virginia, thanks in part to Frank Lyon, the Monitor newspaper owner. Lyon's western travels inspired him to build Lyonhurst (now, Missionhurst) in the Spanish eclectic style, during the 1920s.
An article on the Arnold house (Albany, NY) by McKim, Mead & White. The author describes the best qualities of the colonial house as "instinct with that spirit of moderation, refinement and good form;" all of these appear in the Arnold house, which remains original and distinct rather than a copy of a historic building.
A photographic survey of the interiors and exteriors of colonial houses in Annapolis.
A chapter on "The Colonial Residence" outlines the history, advantages and limitations of the high colonial style. Advocates the colonial style only for the "modest and inexpensive dwelling" for "quiet people of good taste, and without much originality."
Descriptive explanation of the Chesapeake and Ohio line's campaign to renovate and streamline terminals in Kentucky (Maysville, Pikeville, Paintsville) and West Virginia (White Sulphur Springs) between 1913 and the late 1950s. Includes elevations, plans, and photographs.
In a review of domestic architecture, Dow, an enthusiastic promoter of the colonial revival, disagrees with other commentators over its main attractions: rather than "symmetry, restfulness and good proportion," Dow claims that the "secret" of the colonial revival is its link with the historical past.
A description by the architect of his neo-"Jacobean-Colonial" house "Keepsake" in Marquette, Michigan.
Dow uses colonial houses as examples of his fourth and fifth dimensions in architecture, which involve the character and history of a building; he believes the increasing popularity of colonial houses is due to these characteristics.
A collection of histories of twenty famous New England buildings from the colonial period, such as the Hancock mansion, Revere house, Adams mansion and Old Ship Meeting House; argues for the preservation of such "bricks belonging to the American foundation."
Illustrates Wheeler's innovative role in Colonial Revival style interior design and architecture, chronicling major textile and interior designs for Louis Comfort Tiffany, Associated Artists, the White House and the Woman's Building at the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition. Explores Wheeler's “pioneering" advocacy as a businesswoman who supported women's rights to work, and her artistic and social reform work at an artistic community in New York, designed in the Colonial Revival style.
A general history and analysis of colonial architecture for the architect and layman, focusing on styles but attempting to make connections with the societies that produced the buildings.
A portfolio of colonial-influenced country house designs by a leading Philadelphia firm.
Distinguishes between colonial (local adaptations of inherited traditions) and Georgian (an expression of Renaissance classicism interpreted by the English) architecture, then identifies three distinct forms of Georgian in the colonial-era houses around Philadelphia.
A stylistic history of American colonial architecture.
Third series of studies of Early American interiors; focuses on Middle-Atlantic states and examples from the "earlier and later Georgian modes" as well as the "Regency or Federal manner."
A book on late-Twenties architecture in America that includes an insightful analysis of contemporary colonial revival domestic work.
A collection of drawings, with a few photographs, of colonial-era houses done by architects in the 1930s as part of the Architects' Emergency Committee.
Second volume of a collection of drawings, with a few photographs, of colonial-era houses done by architects in the 1930s as part of the Architects' Emergency Committee.
Pencil sketches of a variety of early American buildings.
Although Embury does not create a separate category for Colonial Revival houses, but groups his examples by architectural firms (from Albro to Zantzinger), his 1912 pictorial review is intended to demonstrate why "the general average of recent design is distinctly high." Features Cram, Goodhue and Ferguson; Carrére and Hastings; Albert Kahn, and other design projects as far west as Cleveland and Chicago, creating a distinct historical impression of a moment in time.
Unique for its emphasis on non-English colonial, the subtitle says it all: "Its Origin, Design, Modern Plan and Construction, Illustrated with Photographs of Old Examples and American Adaptations of the Style."
Another survey by the so-called "tourist/architect", influenced by Schuyler and The Georgian Period, which reveals Embury's respect for Bulfinch and Benjamin's "true architectural feeling for proportion and detail."
Embury was the foremost promoter of Dutch Colonial Revival architecture. This book, designed for potential homeowners of "moderate income," presents a variety of colonial-inspired designs by various architects.
A brief argument for the suitability of Dutch Colonial for the modern house; includes photographs of four houses by various architects.
Provides detailed descriptions of the city's specific districts and buildings, noting their relationship to French precedents in contrast to the English patterns that shaped colonial architecture in other parts of the country.
Embury's introduction, "The New American Architecture", offers a period-specific rhapsody about "a land... unhampered by the monuments of a dead past." Features Dutch, New England, and Southern Colonial house exteriors from Pennsylvania, New York, California, New Jersey, Connecticut and Massachusetts, as well as Spanish Mission and 'Japanesque' styles.
Documents eleven Colonial-era Pennsylvania Dutch farmhouses, noting which Colonial features these post-Colonial structures adopt, and unique construction and ornamentation methods. Encourages borrowing, but disparages the stereotyped Colonial stylisms that too often defined early 20th-century buildings.
Illustrates exterior views of twelve Old Dutch houses, large and small, along colonial-era routes in New Jersey (the Paramus, Nyack and Teaneck roads), originally built between 1746 and 1826.
Chiefly useful for its contemporary commentary on Independence Hall at the time of the Philadelphia Centennial, as well as late 19th century photographs of museum exhibits and furnishings, engravings of Philadelphia, and a photographic record of the original frame for the Liberty Bell.
Discusses the history and continued use of the colonial stairway, "one of the most important influences in American interior architecture," which is "eminently suitable to our modern life."
A short article from a restoration magazine on the history and characteristics of colonial revival houses.
Throughly documents the 'linear post-Richardson style" of M.I.T.-educated and Richardson-trained architects, Longfellow, Alden and Harlow. In particular, 27 iconic Cambridge-area house commissions by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's nephew, Alexander, are described as "among the earliest to use specific colonial buildings as precise models." Precursors, interaction with other firms, and affiliated commissions between 1910 and 1960 are also featured.
An examination of the role of the John Hancock House in the early preservation and colonial revival movements.
Sturgis' 1862 redesign of a Ogden Codman's Federal-period home in Lincoln, Massachusetts, "The Grange", represents one of his most important and largest commissions. Several well-photographed interior views of this and related Sturgis projects imply how Sturgis' choices preceded the revival movement occasioned by the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition in 1876.
Useful in this forum as an example of scholarship that considered early American architecture as a directly 'medieval' expression.
A survey of the interior architecture of New England colonial houses, using photographs and measured drawings.
Briefly reviews some colonial-era architecture in small Massachusetts towns.
A generalized survey of colonial architecture and design that attempts to place the buildings in a historical context; contains many photographs of present-day renovations and reconstructions.
An insightful analysis of colonial revival architecture in the 1930s that attempts to determine the reasons for its popularity.
Overview of the architectural context in Los Angeles, including the role of Spanish Colonial revival styles. From the "California Architecture and Architects" series, with bibliographical references and index.
Looks at the work of one of the most successful colonial revival architects of the Twenties and Thirties, now a forgotten figure in American architecture.
Gebhard analyzes the Colonial Revival architecture of Southern California, dividing it into two phases: the Mission Revival (1880s-1910s) and the Hispanic Revival (1910s-1930s). He also argues for the Colonial Revival's role in inspiring early twentieth century avant-garde movements in the region.
Exhibit catalog of plans, elevations, sketches and designs proposed, but usually not built, between 1896 to 1982. Gebhard's introduction offers a thorough account of how the Spanish Colonial Revival took root in Santa Barbara.
A largely pictorial review of the 1946 Victoria and Albert Museum exhibit on Georgian architecture, featuring limited exterior views of the Headmaster's House at Phillips-Exeter Academy, the Porter House (Hadley, Massachusetts), Mount Vernon, the Elisha Morgan House (Cortland, New York), the University of Virginia Rotunda, and the Pirate and John Mead Howells houses (Charleston).
Promotes the Georgian style as patriotic, specifically referencing the Robinson house (Long Island, NY) by John Russell Pope, an architect known more for his classical work.
An unattributed book review in the "Notes and Comments" sections credits the new edition of the 1898 original for its "vast store of accurate information... it is safe to say that no book of its character... has been nearly so exhaustive in scope, has exercised a more profound, more enduring, or a more wholesome influence". Effusely praises the reissue of this six-volume folio set as a pioneer effort in awakening a consciousness about America Colonial and Georgian architecture.
An unattributed and positive editorial in "Notes and Comments" observing that Boston newspapers were "urging local architects to devote themselves with ever greater unanimity to this one style".
A primer on domestic architecture in France, England, Switzerland, and America, including a chapter on Old Colonial Architecture, "the best known example of an architectural expression of the character of a people." While the chapter focuses on temple-fronted houses, later examples in chapters on house plans and details show variations of colonial adaptations.
In the context of a speech about what architecture should be, the author praises colonial architecture but chastises colonial revival work for its lack of character.
The story of fourteen colonial mansions (Westover, Morven, Cedar Grove, Bohemia Manor, the Van Rensselaer mansion, Rosewell, Shirley, Carter's Grove, Clermont, Doughoregan Manor, Graeme Park, Brandon, Berkeley and Tuckahoe) and the powerful families that owned them. An interesting early attempt to combine architectural and social history.
Fifty plates of drawings of details (column capitals, balustrades, stairways, etc.) from colonial buildings in the Philadelphia area.
A guide for the potential small house builder that promotes colonial-inspired interiors and exteriors.
A monograph on the work of one of the most rigorous colonial revivalists of the late twentieth century. Contains short essays by Greenberg and Carroll William Westfall.
Examines the work of architect Howard Van Doren Shaw (1869-1926), the designer of many Georgian Revival houses in the northern suburbs of Chicago.
Encyclopedic format devotes separate chapters to Later Colonial style in the New England, the Central Colonies, and the South, with separate chapters on "Architecture in the North: 'Late Colonial'" the Spanish Renaissance, and "Memorials, Monuments and Expositions". Captions and photographs also include details, such as so-called 17th-century wall painting, paneled walls, many interiors, mantels, and doorways. A Liberty Bell edition from "The Pageant of America: A Pictorial History of the United States" series.
An attempt to determine the American spirit in architecture, in order to made a correct assessment of contemporary work; in doing so, Hamlin praises the colonial originals but criticizes Colonial Revival for its lack of spirit.
Sixty-five illustrations of "colonial survivals" intended to portray revival motifs. Concentrates on Annapolis, Maryland and New Castle, Pennsylvania houses, family ownership, genealogical connections that influenced architectural style, some mention of expense, and a few interesting interior details.
This book provides an extensive social and cultural history of American home life during the period when the Colonial Revival arose and became popular. While not addressing style, it touches on many issues that affected domestic life and architecture during the period.
Examines the many city halls and municipal buildings in New England designed by Kilham, Hopkins & Greeley, most of which were in a colonial style. Hardwicke relates the Colonial Revival to a "culture of recall" developed by middle and upper classes as a response to a perceived moral crisis in American society.
A collection of late-twentieth century classical and colonial-inspired work across America by the architectural firm of Hartman-Cox. With an introduction by Richard Guy Wilson.
Based on the New York Historical Society's Gilbert collection and subsequent exhibition. Includes biographical timeline, significant commissions, and essays by separate contributors on Gilbert's practice, the use of drawings in his office, specific projects, Gilbert's responses to historic open space, and his New York skyscrapers.
A survey of American town and country homes; promotes colonial adaptations along with a number of other styles.
In this survey of American country houses, Colonial and Hispanic Revivals are briefly discussed and illustrated.
A list of books, portfolios, and pamphlets on architecture and related subjects published in America before 1895.
A relatively harsh review of the “American Colonial Architecture”exhibit at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. Hitchock criticizes the exhibition for omitting architectural examples from the true Colonial period, suggesting that the exhibit should have been more accurately titled “Georgian Architecture". He concludes that the poor quality of photography and inaccurate captions were “unprofessional” and likely to engender disinterest in early American architecture.
The architectural firm of Peabody and Stearns was a major Boston presence, and Robert S. Peabody was an early promoter of the modernized Colonial Revival.
An architect explains his merger of the colonial and bungalow styles for a house in Corscana, Texas.
Measured drawings of the details of Early American houses in New England by two female architects.
An architectural history of the Piscataqua region with over three-hundred photographs and measured drawings of 17th- and 18th-century buildings, by a prominent architect of the 1930s; also includes a detailed historical introduction by William Lawrence Bottomley, one of the leading Colonial Revival architects of the twentieth century.
A collection of photographs from altered or destroyed colonial-era public and private buildings.
Briefly recounts the history of the Williamsburg reconstruction with many historical and contemporary photographs.
An historical book based on extensive fieldwork; designed to further interest in colonial architecture.
One the earliest examples of a thorough, 'scientific' and scholarly approach in colonial architecture studies, featuring measured plans, sections, and elevations augmented by inventories and field research.
As architect, president of the Long Beach Architecture Club in the 1930s, and Arthur B. Benton's nephew, Schilling (1890-1940) introduced Spanish Renaissance and other 'avant-garde' styles to Long Beach ahead of his time, according to Ivers. Although many buildings were lost to urban renewals in the 1970s, the author's illustrations helpfully compare many of Schilling's solutions to architectural designs from Parisian surveys in his personal library.
Criticizes American colonial architecture by implying that it is unfit for emulation and revival.
A British writer seconds Robert S. Peabody's call (in the same journal six months earlier) for closer attention to American colonial as the basis for a national style.
Examines the architecture of the colonial era, focusing on regions rather than styles; unique in its inclusion of French colonial architecture in Canada and New Orleans.
Waterman was one of the foremost historians of colonial architecture in the early twentieth century and a leading figure in the early preservation movement.
A history of Connecticut colonial houses, based on extensive measuring and drawing of existing buildings.
The former director of the Webb-Deane-Stevens Museum provides a concise biographical review of Nutting, and his purportedly unsuccessful stint as curator of the Webb House between 1916 and 1918. Includes many of Nutting's romanticized interior photographs, illustrating his unique design aesthetic.
A general survey of Spanish colonial mission architecture with wonderful photographs.
One of the first scholarly treatments of the domestic architecture of the colonial period by a pioneer American architectural historian.
Fifty-five measured drawings of details from New England 17th- and 18th-century buildings.
A discussion of James Gamble Rogers' "Southern Colonial" design for Newcomb College (1911-17), focusing on the desire of the girls college to distinguish itself from the "masculine" architecture of nearby Tulane University.
A history of some famous American houses. Includes a section on the Colonial period, in which the author claims colonial architecture was merely a practical adaptation to environmental and social conditions that did not reflect any "peculiar moral, religious, social or intellectual idea."
The story of the twentieth century restoration of the Carter's Grove mansion told by the architect in charge.
A collection of sketches of details and views from the interiors of New England colonial-era homes.
An examination of how Beaux-Arts design principles influenced the architects who reconstructed the Virginia Capitol, resulting in a conflict between classical ideals and historical reality that shaped design decisions in the restoration of Colonial Williamsburg.
The author documents American buildings across the country which are patterned after (or replicas of) Independence Hall.
A study of American domestic architecture in the Victorian era that looks briefly at the colonial revival, the Shingle and Queen Anne styles, but makes no connections among them.
The White Pine Series of Architectural Monographs, published by the White Pine Bureau from 1915 to 1940, were an important source of photographs and measured drawings for twentieth-century Colonial Revival architects.
A report delivered to the American Institute of Architects in 1880, calling for research into our colonial architectural heritage in an attempt to learn the principles that shaped and guided architecture in the colonial period.
Photographic review of Colonial Revival 'masterpieces' built mainly in the early 20th century, such as Casa del Herrero and Lotusland, with basic histories and construction accounts. Related to Susan Sully's Savannah Style and Charleston Style reviews.
Examines the colonial revival architecture of the Boston area from the 1850s and 1860s, which is often overlooked as a "survival" rather than a revival. Argues that the revival was both a reaction to the Greek Revival and an ideological statement.
A look the domestic architecture of the wealthy elite of Beaumont, Texas - an oil town that came to prominence in 1901 - and the relationships between the town's colonial revival designs and the wider national movement.
An interesting article that analyzes colonial revival domestic architecture as an outgrowth of social and political progressivism.
Summarizes and illustrates a series of "picturesque perceptions of the Colonial" considered the ideal in the 1870s, including simplicity and solidity, smallness and lowness, retirement and embowerment, and material or stylistic preferences, with detailed text support.
Argues that the renewal of interest in colonial architecture during the nineteenth century was partially due to the increased influence of Picturesque thought.
Gebhard's introduction breaks Spanish Colonial architecture into the Mission style from 1890 to 1920, and the Mediterranean style from 1920 to 1940, both admittedly based on a largely fictional architectural heritage. Lavish photographs illustrate a progression that culminates with Ricardo Legorreta's 1991 Greenberg House in Brentwood.
Views, essays and information on 25 Southern Californian beach houses, representing different architectural styles (including Spanish Colonial, Mission and Mediterranean styles), with narrative rationales by the designers and clients.
An important journal of drawings and photographs published in three volumes between January, 1874, and December, 1876. The journal was edited by Charles Follen McKim, one of the first promoters of the Colonial Revival, and Henry Hobson Richardson. In the first issue, McKim wrote of the need to preserve "some record of the early architecture of our country, now fast disappearing;" other issues included colonial work like the Berkeley and Robinson houses in Newport.
A reprint of "A Monograph of the Work of McKim, Mead & White 1879-1915," (1915-1920), with an introduction by Richard Guy Wilson.
Essays by Metcalf, Nicholas King, Christopher Monkhouse, Henry Hope Reed and Richard Guy Wilson support Codman's reputation as a decorator of "suitability, simplicity and taste". Includes illustrations, detailed chronology, a list of commissions, and a roster of measured drawings.
An early attempt to trace the English roots of colonial Georgian architecture.
Describes the process of building a modern home in New Jersey based on a 1730 model; concludes that such a home is practical and cost-effective.
Boston-based Larson (1891-1981) cemented his success as a campus architect and planner with his book, Architectural Planning for the American College(1933), but intentionally designed in the Georgian Revival style despite the rise of Modernism. Miller investigates the contrast between the motives and benefits of traditionalism and Modernism.
A monograph of the work of Addison Mizner (1872-1933), who specialized in Mediterranean Revival resort hotels and mansions in Florida during the early twentieth century. With an introduction by Donald W. Curl.
The former director of the Georgia Historic Commission's Historic Site Survey and initiator of the state's National Register revisits the career of Atlanta-based architect, Joseph Neel Reid (1885-1926). The Alabama-born Neel Reid trained at Columbia University and briefly, at the Ecole de Beaux Arts, and frequently relied on the American Georgian style to impart status to mansions built during Atlanta's early 1900s suburban boom, in the Druid Hills subdivision and elsewhere.
Biographical review of Ogden Codman's development, education, early designs and collaborations with Herbert Browne, through sketches and photographs of various house projects and furnishings.
Moore's chapter on "Puritan Liberalism and Pagan Austerity in New England Architecture" and concluding chapter, "Twenty Years After", will be of particular interest. Appendices include a full office roster of the firm, and a chronology; all major projects and many excerpts from correspondence are included, with most illustrations taken from Alfred Hoyt Granger's 1913 publication.
A concise, popular biography of Wallace Nutting, describing his influential role as one of the first Americans to value "Pilgrim Century furnishings", and how this attitude motivated his commercial photography and furniture reproduction businesses.
A "how-to" book from Lippincott's Home-Maker Series that provides information on the various details of colonial architecture and how to bring them together for a modern adaptation.
Catalogs the history and design elements of the "sun-loving" Spanish Colonial style for potential homeowners.
One of the earliest scholarly attempts to promote the architecture of the Spanish colonists as an important historical resource as well as a model for modern design; the last chapter presents examples of contemporary architecture based on such precedents.
A review of small country homes designed by Aymar Embury.
Tells the stories of twenty-one historic New England homes and the people who lived in them; includes descriptions of their early-twentieth-century interiors.
Photographs and measured drawings of the exteriors of brick houses from colonial New England, for use by architects "who may employ them as documents in work they are designing."
Discusses the career of William Lawrence Bottomley, one of the leading colonial revival architects of the Twenties and Thirties, focusing on his work in Richmond, Virginia.
Examines the architecture designed for a summer colony of Boston elites who collected early Americana and promoted a wide range of artistic activities. Argues that "shingle style" architecture was not stylistically distinct from Colonial Revival or Queen Anne, and should more accurately be termed "shingled Colonial."
One example from the many builders' books of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century that helped to popularize the colonial style (see, e.g., Design 122 - the "Old Colonial").
In this second part of his series on New England Georgian, Peabody comments on the qualities which make American colonial architecture worthy of emulation - "its disciplined and almost universal refinement and dignity, as well as the absence of vulgarity and eccentricity even when display is attempted. These virtues, not too common in our days, lend an added charm to it for us."
The text of a speech on the English Queen Anne movement by the prominent Boston architect. Concludes with words of praise for American colonial architecture.
Promotes American Georgian mansions as guides to appropriate architectural design.
A call for an American style based on the domestic architecture of the colonial past.
Presents a variety of contemporary colonial revival houses.
Review of in-vogue architectural style, far removed from its sources in a more temperate climate.
An early historical work that praises colonial buildings for "their simplicity, their dignity, their refinement of detail and the good common sense generally that pervades them throughout," and describes existing colonial architecture in Annapolis.
Reviews the great colonial mansions of the Albany, New York area.
Very brief biographic on Keefe's influence as a "much-published" house designer of "Colonial Revival suburban and country houses" during the 1920s, across eighteen states. Based in New York, Keefe (1876- 1946) also edited the 1923 version of The Georgian Period and published The American House in 1922.
One of the most extensive analyses of Colonial Revival architecture. Investigates why the movement came into being in the nineteenth century and why it continued to thrive into the twentieth. Covers the 1870s to the mid-1920s.
An examination of the patriotic aspects that helped to motivate early Colonial Revival.
A concerted and useful historiography on the study of Colonial architecture, beginning with Robert Peabody's rediscovery of Langley and Benjamin in the 1870s, through John Maass' 1969 admonition that colonial studies were, up to that point, bourgeois in focus. Concise summaries on George Champlin Mason Sr. and Jr., Norman Isham, Aymar Embury II, Glenn Brown, Ann Hollingsworth Wharton, E. Eldon Deane, John Martin Hammond, Joseph Everett Chandler, William Roth Ware, Montgomery Schuyler, Charles McKim and others, with particular attention on the importance of measured drawing, and colonial architecture as a "required part of architectural training" after the 1870s.
The story of an early promoter of Colonial Revival who designed the Connecticut building in a colonial manner for the 1876 Centennial Exposition.
Demonstrates how FDR's awareness of his Dutch roots, as well as his affection for Thomas Jefferson, led to his direct involvement with the redesign of Hyde Park in 1915, as well as the originating Dutch Colonial influence behind a proposed library and various post offices throughout Duchess County, New York. Includes plans sketched by FDR and excerpts from correspondence.
Records the discovery of America's colonial architecture by architects of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
An interesting look at a popular culture adaptation of the colonial revival - the gas station.
Six examples of colonial-inspired work in the 1980s by architect Jaquelin Robertson.
Targeting the potential homeowner, this book contains a general summary of Spanish, French, Dutch, Swedish, German and English colonial traditions, essays on materials, and chapters on "Modern Plans," "Modern Houses," and "Helpful Hints."
Details General John Hartwell Cocke's rejection of Palladianism, despite his collaboration with Jefferson and the University of Virginia Board of Visitors from 1816-1851, in preference for the eclectic Jacobethan design of Bremo Recess (1803-1835) with John Neilson. Explains the Cockes family's ties to Malvern Hill, Bacon's Castle, and Washington Irving's Sunnyside.
A monograph on the most prestigious American architectural firm at the turn of the century; includes discussions of their Colonial Revival and Shingle Style designs.
Notes in praise of rural colonial architecture in Hollis, New Hampshire, Nantucket, Massachusetts, and Lyme, Connecticut.
Interior views of du Pont's Long Island mansion from the Winterthur collection, as it was furnished in 1925 and 1927. Includes views of the library, dining room, entry hall, first floor bedroom, and porch. Essentially, visually summarizes the Long Island Museum of American Art exhibit, "Improving the Past: The Colonial Revival on Long Island".
A continuation of Leigh French, Jr.'s first series, using examples of colonial interiors from Maryland, Virginia and North Carolina.
A survey of the interior architecture and decoration of forty-two Virginia houses from the late-seventeenth to early nineteenth centuries.
Intended for home builders and buyers, this book provides examples of many different styles of architecture and furnishings, including colonial.
Photographs and plans of historical and modern Cape Cod houses.
Shurcliff's assessment of landscape and planning restorations at important Colonial sites, written shortly after his presidency of the American Society of Landscape Architects (1927-1932) and during his restoration work at Williamsburg.(Shurcliff changed his name from "Shurtleff" at some point, and subsequent references will include both names.)
A period piece that quaintly theorizes how colonials began applying English and French design to Virginian estates, such as Castle Hill (Albemarle Country) and Blanfield (Essex Country).
A far-ranging history of early American architecture that, despite its title, goes well into the nineteenth century with such works as the United States Capitol and the University of Virginia. Includes brief discussions of Dutch and Spanish colonial architecture.
Details the development of the Shingle Style in American domestic architecture of the late nineteenth century, as a result of the influences of the English Queen Anne and the American colonial past.
A brief essay that looks at the influence of the Shingle Style on American postmodern architects in the early 1970s.
Documents the "restoration" of thirty-six 17th-19th century farmhouses in the Boston area.
A largely anecdotal account of "one of the best documented houses in the United States," from L'Enfant to the Harrison administration. Clearly illustrated with changing floorplans, excellent period imagery, Presidential library files, and perspectives from the inhabitants. Highlights the preference for Colonial revival styles as a matter of taste with changing administrations.
Second volume covers Cleveland to Truman administrations, with photographs, correspondence and anecdotes about late 19th-century expansion plans, 1927 attic restoration, and 1949-1952 renovation and excavation of sub-basements.
The author identifies seven transformations in the development of the popular colonial revival house in the twentieth century from two historical models: the "I" house and the Georgian house.
Designed to promote the appreciation of Spanish Colonial architecture in the late 1920s.
Illustrated with period interiors and the Bodleian sketches of Wren Hall at Williamsburg, Smith advocates a restatement of English and Italian Palladianism as the academic antidote to the "medieval vernacular of our seventeenth-century builders".
A review of some of the "good national architecture" expressed in the colonial revival homes of Philadelphia architect David Knickerbocker Boyd.
A catalog of hundreds of prefabricated homes available from Sears between 1908 and 1940, the majority of which demonstrate Colonial Revival characteristics.
An overview of the career of architect Arthur Little, who produced a number of Colonial Revival houses in New England in the late nineteenth century and published a book of sketches entitled Early New England Interiors in 1877.
An example of a Popular Mechanics home - Plan No. 5-W-14, a "Cape Cod colonial," which demonstrates the simplicity, economy and good proportions of colonial architecture.
An early call for the preservation of "old buildings" from the previous 200 years, citing them as "superior in style and good breeding."
An interesting look at the creation of Colonial Williamsburg and the public response.
Applauds recent work that turns its back on European imitation and is "suited to our way of living, to our bank accounts, to our climate, to our point of view toward life, beautiful, comfortable, definitely American."
Argues for the blend of originality and tradition demonstrated in the de Vries house (Ida Grove, IA), by architect Bernhardt Muller; also shows how the New England colonial tradition (here, Dutch Colonial) had penetrated America's heartland.
Prelude to Treese's book (Hope Lodge and Mather Mill), a concise tour of Hope Lodge (1740s) and its Colonial and Colonial Revival features.
An interesting book: after a brief historical section, most of the book uses photographs and plans to compare 1950s-1960s revival houses with their historical prototypes.
Review of monuments considered stylistically colonial and influential, chiefly interesting in its source from the perspective of a leading Ecclesiological Movement architect.
Photographic survey showcasing 22 houses that preserve the "pastoral simplicity" of the 18th century, including a selection of brick or stonework houses in Fairmount Park, with elevations, details, interior and exterior photography, and plans.
Sketches of details of colonial architecture and furniture from throughout the east coast.
An example of an article in a popular journal promoting Georgian architecture and a Colonial Revival - "not a faddish copying but a sincere and studied acceptance of our most precious architectural heritage."
Originally published by The American Architect and Building News and dating back to 1898, this self-proclaimed "standard authority on Colonial Architecture" in the early twentieth century contains historical commentary and 454 photographs, sketches and measured drawings of colonial buildings ranging from 1623 to 1838 and from areas throughout the eastern and southern portions of the United States.
A scholarly history of colonial domestic architecture, based on the evolution of styles from English sources.
The story of Virginia's colonial architecture by one of the most prominent architect-historians of the mid-twentieth century. Focuses on tracing the English antecedents of the great plantation houses.
A history of one of Virginia's most famous plantations, including its transformation from a colonial to a Colonial Revival house during a 1930s remodeling.
Tells the histories of thirty-five Philadelphia buildings, many from the colonial period.
Twenty sketches of notable British monuments and sites in Boston, England, such as St. Botolph's Church and the half-timbered Three Tuns Inn, followed by sketches from Boston, New England, of 36 sites, including Paul Revere's House, Old South Church, the Old Corner Bookstore, and Hancock Tavern... sketched without "liberties" or a skyline. Formerly housed in the Boston Athenaeum collection.
Over 100 illustrations, including examples of modest garrison or simple houses, block houses and forts, and historically notable monuments--such as Longfellow's birthplace and home in Portland, Daniel Webster's birthplace, the Old Jail in York, and Philips Academy's hall in Exeter. Includes concise printed descriptions of each site.
Three editions featuring 130 images of Massachusetts' historical architecture, from Concord to Revere, and from humble and dilapidated bungalows to Captain John Standish's 17th-century house, Longfellow's mansion in Cambridge, the Old Shot Tower in Somerville, and the first stone bridge in New England (1764), with "no liberties" taken for "merely pictorial effect".
Approximately 80 sketches of mainly wooden structures, including Newport in its humbler days, the grave of Boston's first settler, taverns, "deserted" mansions, and saltboxes to a few stone houses.
An extremely important series of monographs originally published by the
White Pine Bureau and edited by Russell Whitehead. The monographs were sent
free to architects to promote both wood construction and the colonial revival
style. After 1924, the monographs continued under the sponsorship of
Weyerhaeuser Forest Products, which included former members of the White Pine
Bureau commonly known as the Weyerhaeuser Mills. Later, ownership transferred
to Editor Russell Fenimore Whitehead. From 1932-1939, the monographs were
published in Pencil Points magazine. These monographs had a great effect on
architects' understanding of and appreciation for the Colonial Revival, and
also served as an impetus for the historic preservation movement.
See White Pine Series Index
included in this database.
Cross sections, recent photographs and plans demonstrate the particular synthesis of vernacular, Beaux Arts and Romantic tradition that Meem applied to his Santa Fe projects. "Design Patterns" and "Design Idioms" are organized by descriptions of characteristic floorplans, composition, siting, entries, courts, alcoves, fireplaces, ceilings, floor treatments, doors, porches and patios that typify Meem's contribution to the "Territorial Revival".
Outlines the search for an American style of architecture in the 1870s, which led many architects to turn to the colonial past for inspiration and guidance.
Discusses American architects' and artists' relationship with the colonial past and the Italian Renaissance during the "American Renaissance" (1870s-1930s) as a function of the search for a unique national iconology.
Explains the progress of Edith Wharton's 50-year collaboration with Codman, including the design process for Land's End (Newport), a New York townhouse and the Mount. Reviews correspondence, anecdotes, period photographs, sketches and contemporary literature concerning decoration as an architectural practice, as well as the origins of Wharton and Codman's The Decoration of Houses from 1897.
An examination of the early country houses of Charles F. McKim, who helped to create a colonial revival architecture by merging conceptions of space from English Queen Anne homes with details from American colonial houses. Includes a discussion of McKim's work on the Robinson-Smith House in Newport, RI, the "first example of the colonial revival in the United States."
Surveys the early training of Charles F. McKim and his partners in the context of the 1870s and 1880s, as well as ideas about early American architecture and the American discovery of the Renaissance.
Well-illustrated monograph reviews the precedents affecting McKim, Mead and White, presenting their achievements in useful project-by-project sections.
Intended as a sourcebook for colonial revivalists, containing photographs of exteriors, interiors and details of eighteenth-century buildings in the Philadelphia area.
An interesting book that praises the "simple and beautiful spirit" of colonial architecture, then explains how to transform any older building into a Queen Anne cottage.
Examines the reconstruction of Colonial Williamsburg through before and after photographs.
A catalogue of works by a largely-forgotten late-nineteenth century architect who specialized in Shingle Style homes.